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what is sms non woven fabric

by:XINYU Non-woven     2023-11-25

What is SMS Non-Woven Fabric and Why is it So Popular?


Non-woven fabrics have become an integral part of our daily lives. From clothing to medical supplies and everything in between, these versatile materials are constantly evolving to meet the ever-changing demands of various industries. SMS non-woven fabric, in particular, has gained immense popularity due to its exceptional properties and wide range of applications. In this article, we will delve into the world of SMS non-woven fabric, exploring its composition, manufacturing process, unique characteristics, and diverse uses.

1. Understanding SMS Non-Woven Fabric:

SMS stands for 'Spunbond Meltblown Spunbond,' which precisely highlights the multi-layer structure of this non-woven fabric. It involves the integration of three different layers, each contributing to the overall functionality and performance of the material. The layers are as follows:

a) Spunbond layer: Comprising continuous fibers, this layer offers strength, stability, and dimensional integrity to the fabric. Spunbond layer forms the external layer, providing a smooth surface and enhanced durability.

b) Meltblown layer: Positioned in the middle, the meltblown layer consists of fine fibers that are randomly distributed, forming a tight network. This layer is responsible for the filtration properties of SMS non-woven fabric, sieving out small particles and preventing their passage.

c) Spunbond layer: Similar to the first layer, the third layer is also made of spunbond fibers. Its purpose is to reinforce the fabric, adding strength and stability.

The integration of these three layers sets SMS non-woven fabric apart from other types and highlights its exceptional characteristics.

2. Production Process:

The manufacturing of SMS non-woven fabric involves several intricate steps that ensure the desired quality and performance. Typically, the process includes the following stages:

a) Spinning: The first step involves the extrusion of thermoplastic polymers through spinnerets to form continuous filaments. These filaments are then cooled and consolidated to create the spunbond layer.

b) Meltblowing: In this step, the meltblown layer is produced by melting the thermoplastic fibers using hot air blown onto them. This process results in the formation of fine, randomly distributed fibers.

c) Lamination: Once the spunbond and meltblown layers are obtained, they are bonded together in a lamination process. This integration is often achieved through the application of heat, pressure, or adhesives.

The combination of these steps creates a non-woven fabric with exceptional properties, making it suitable for a wide range of applications.

3. Unique Characteristics of SMS Non-Woven Fabric:

SMS non-woven fabric possesses several distinctive traits that have contributed to its growing popularity across various industries. Some notable features include:

a) Softness and comfort: SMS non-woven fabric offers remarkable comfort, making it ideal for applications requiring direct contact with the skin. Its soft texture ensures enhanced user experience.

b) Fluid and particulate barrier: The meltblown layer within SMS fabric acts as an efficient filter, preventing the passage of liquids and small particles, including airborne contaminants. As a result, it finds extensive use in medical and hygiene-related products.

c) Breathability: Despite providing excellent barrier properties, SMS non-woven fabric allows for the passage of air, making it breathable. This feature is essential for applications where air exchange is crucial, such as protective clothing.

d) High tensile strength: SMS fabric boasts impressive tensile strength, ensuring its resilience and longevity. This property makes it durable, tear-resistant, and able to withstand rigorous usage.

e) Chemical and biological resistance: SMS non-woven fabric exhibits resistance to various chemicals, making it ideal for use in environments where exposure to hazardous substances is expected.

4. Applications of SMS Non-Woven Fabric:

The versatility of SMS non-woven fabric has opened doors for its application in numerous industries. Some notable uses include:

a) Medical and hygiene products: SMS fabric is extensively used in the manufacturing of surgical gowns, masks, drapes, and other medical garments due to its excellent barrier and filtration properties.

b) Personal protective equipment (PPE): The breathability and high tensile strength of SMS non-woven fabric make it a popular choice for crafting protective suits, coveralls, and masks for frontline workers.

c) Agriculture: SMS non-woven fabric finds applications in the agricultural sector, including crop protection, nursery containers, and erosion control. Its permeability allows for proper airflow and moisture retention.

d) Automotive industry: SMS fabric is used for car seat covers, headliners, door panels, and insulation due to its durability, water repellency, and acoustic properties.

e) Packaging: The lightweight yet robust nature of SMS non-woven fabric makes it an ideal material for packaging, particularly for fragile items. Its cushioning properties protect goods during transportation.


SMS non-woven fabric has become an essential component in various industries, thanks to its exceptional characteristics and diverse applications. Its unique composition and production process make it a reliable choice for medical, hygiene, protective, agricultural, automotive, and packaging needs. The continuous advancements in non-woven technology emphasize the prominence of SMS fabric in developing innovative solutions for an ever-expanding range of industries.

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