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what is non woven fabric made of

by:XINYU Non-woven     2023-12-09

Non-Woven Fabric: Unveiling the Mystery behind its Composition

Understanding the Production Process of Non-Woven Fabric

Exploring the Diverse Materials that Compose Non-Woven Fabric

Assessing the Unique Properties of Non-Woven Fabric

Examining the Wide Range of Applications for Non-Woven Fabric

Eco-Friendly Solutions: Non-Woven Fabric's Contribution to Sustainability


Non-woven fabric, also known as non-woven textile, has become an immensely popular material due to its versatility and wide range of applications. This unique fabric has found its way into various industries, including medical, automotive, filtration, geotextiles, and personal care, to name just a few. However, have you ever wondered what non-woven fabric is made of? In this article, we are going to delve deep into the composition of non-woven fabric, uncover its production process, explore its distinct properties, and investigate its numerous applications. Moreover, we will emphasize how non-woven fabric contributes to sustainable practices, making it an eco-friendly choice for many manufacturers.

Understanding the Production Process of Non-Woven Fabric

Non-woven fabric is manufactured through a fascinating process that involves different techniques. Unlike traditional woven fabrics, which are created by interlacing yarns together, non-woven fabrics are formed directly from fibers or filaments. Essentially, the fibers are bonded together, creating a sheet-like structure without the need for weaving or knitting. Some common production techniques used to manufacture non-woven fabric are:

1. Spunbonding: In this technique, continuous filaments of a thermoplastic polymer are extruded and then laid on a conveyor belt or forming drum. Additional heat and pressure are employed to bond the filaments together, resulting in a strong and versatile fabric.

2. Meltblowing: In meltblowing, thermoplastic polymers are melted and extruded as fine fibers. These fibers are then cooled quickly by jets of hot air. The resulting fabric is highly porous, making it suitable for applications in filtration systems or as absorbent material.

3. Needle Punching: Needle punching involves mechanically interlocking fibers by pushing barbed needles through a web of loose fibers. This technique creates a fabric with excellent dimensional stability and strength, ideal for applications that require durability.

4. Wet-Laid: Wet-laid technique involves the creation of a fiber suspension in water. Then, the fibers are spread on a moving screen and consolidated by mechanical or chemical methods. The end result is a fabric with high tensile strength, making it suitable for applications such as disposable wipes.

Exploring the Diverse Materials that Compose Non-Woven Fabric

Non-woven fabric can be made from a variety of raw materials. These materials play a crucial role in determining the properties and characteristics of the final fabric. Common raw materials used in the production of non-woven fabric include:

1. Polypropylene (PP): This is the most widely used material for non-woven fabric. Polypropylene provides excellent strength, chemical resistance, and durability. It is commonly used in medical gowns, protective clothing, and disposable hygiene products.

2. Polyester (PET): Polyester offers exceptional durability and dimensional stability to non-woven fabric. It is commonly used in automotive applications, roofing materials, and geotextiles.

3. Rayon: Rayon, derived from natural cellulose fibers, offers a soft and breathable fabric. It is often used in medical applications such as surgical gowns and masks.

4. Polyethylene (PE): Polyethylene is known for its water resistance and barrier properties. It is commonly used in non-woven fabric for food packaging, industrial protective clothing, and medical applications.

5. Nylon: Nylon provides excellent strength and abrasion resistance. It is commonly used in non-woven fabric for automotive filters, carpet backing, and air filtration.

Assessing the Unique Properties of Non-Woven Fabric

Non-woven fabric possesses several unique properties that make it a preferred choice in various industries. Some of the notable properties of non-woven fabric include:

1. Lightweight and Breathable: Non-woven fabric is lightweight and allows air to pass through, making it comfortable to wear. This property is highly valued in medical and personal care applications.

2. Absorbent: Non-woven fabric can be designed to have high absorbency, making it suitable for applications in the hygiene and medical sectors. It efficiently absorbs and retains liquids, providing reliable performance.

3. Flexibility: Non-woven fabric can be manufactured in various thicknesses and densities, providing flexibility in product design. It can be tailored to meet specific requirements, such as filtration efficiency or barrier properties.

4. Resistance to Moisture and Chemicals: Non-woven fabric is often resistant to moisture, chemicals, and microorganisms. This resistance makes it ideal for applications where protection against liquids and contaminants is required.

5. Cost-Effective: Non-woven fabric offers cost-effective solutions due to its efficient production processes and versatility. It provides high performance at a reasonable cost, making it a viable choice for many industries.

Examining the Wide Range of Applications for Non-Woven Fabric

Non-woven fabric finds applications in numerous industries, owing to its unique properties and versatility. Some of the notable applications of non-woven fabric are:

1. Medical and Personal Care: Non-woven fabric is extensively used in the medical and personal care sectors. It can be found in surgical gowns, masks, diapers, wet wipes, and wound dressings, providing comfort, absorbency, and protection.

2. Filtration: Non-woven fabric is commonly employed in air, water, and oil filtration systems. Its porous structure allows efficient filtration and separation of particles and contaminants.

3. Automotive: Non-woven fabric is used in automotive applications such as interior trim, insulation, carpet backing, and airbag covers. It provides durability, sound insulation, and aesthetics.

4. Geotextiles: Non-woven fabric is widely used in geotextiles for erosion control, drainage systems, landfill liners, and road construction. It provides strength, durability, and separation properties.

5. Agriculture: Non-woven fabric is employed in agriculture for crop protection, landscaping, and soil stabilization. It acts as a barrier against pests and weeds, while promoting optimal growth conditions.

Eco-Friendly Solutions: Non-Woven Fabric's Contribution to Sustainability

Non-woven fabric offers several eco-friendly advantages. Firstly, it requires fewer resources and energy during the manufacturing process compared to traditional woven fabrics. Additionally, non-woven fabric can be made from recycled materials, mitigating waste and helping to protect the environment. Furthermore, its lightweight nature contributes to reduced transportation emissions. Moreover, non-woven fabric can be easily and efficiently recycled, further minimizing its environmental impact.


Non-woven fabric, composed of diverse materials such as polypropylene, polyester, rayon, polyethylene, and nylon, has become an integral part of many industries. Its unique properties, versatility, and eco-friendly nature have made it an excellent choice for applications ranging from medical and filtration to automotive and agriculture. As the demand for sustainable solutions grows, non-woven fabric's contribution towards a greener future becomes increasingly significant. With continuous innovations and advancements, the future of non-woven fabric looks promising as it continues to revolutionize various industries with its composition, properties, and extensive range of applications.

CUSTOMIZING has become a standardized way of dealing with non-woven manufacturing.
Wenzhou Xinyu Non-woven Fabric Co., LTD.’s core aim is to afford high-quality products with the concept of manufacturing technology.
Wenzhou Xinyu Non-woven Fabric Co., LTD. expects to reach the desired profits in the first year and does not anticipate serious cash flow problems.
Wenzhou Xinyu Non-woven Fabric Co., LTD. is a team of manufacturers who have 10+ year experience on creating business plans and other types of productions with top-tier management firms and various multinational corporates.
Forging an tight connection starts with understanding your potential customers and catering to their needs on CUSTOMIZING, both with a quality product and impactful non-woven product.
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